Buea Calls for Action for Independence of Southern Cameroons. By Martin Yembe In Buea

For the first time ever, the people of Buea, the historic capital of the British Southern Cameroons, have stood up like one man and in one determined voice, called on the chairperson of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, Alapine-Gansou to inform he African Union that the Southern Cameroons quest for total independence has gone past the powers of the African Commission as well as the African Union.

The people made this declaration during a demonstration staged at the offices of the National Commission on Human Rights and Freedoms in Buea last Saturday, February 5, 2011.

The events had stared earlier that morning with Southern Cameroonians trooping from different points of Buea and converging at the Human Rights offices at the Soppo neighbourhoods. Information had been gotten that the African Commission delegation had suddenly cancelled a program to honour Southern Cameroonian activists, led by Senior Citizen Mola Njoh Litumbe, by having lunch at the elder man’s residence. Word soon spread the Yaoundé regime had decided to sponsor its own lunch at the residence of one of the delegation’s members, Chief Justice Asuagbor Lucie, who was recently proposed by the Yaoundé Government and confirmed as the Rapporteur for Human Rights Defenders in Africa at the Commission. Was this a design to keep the delegation’s leader and Chair of the Commission from having direct contacts with the Southern Cameroon’s activists ? Then they must have miscalculated…as usual and ailed woefully, for the events of the afternoon were to take an unprecedented turn, that will never be manipulated, not even by the ACHPR itself!

The Pro-Independence Demonstrations:

It was getting dark, and by 17:15, the African Commission envoy emerged from the walls of the Buea Maximum Production Prisons where it had decided to check out on the conditions of the prisoners and their welfare therein. The convoy took less than five minutes to drive up to Soppo’s Human Rights office, and lo and behold!, the shock the beheld was total! The entire yard was filled with chanting and placard- carrying demonstrators and protesters, many dressed in Southern Cameroons T-shirts, while others carried Southern Cameroons flags.

The convoy had to stop at the entrance of the yard, letting only the car carrying the Commission’s chair and her Cameroonian counterpart to get in. Yet, they remained blockaded in their car, either caught up in fear of the unknown confused or simply concerting and making inquiries. In the meantime, agents of the Governor’s office, security operatives in uniform and mufti could be espied running up and down, in and out of the office, making frantic calls and even taking down notes from the placards. At this time, the leadership of the Southern Cameroons was seated inside, relaxed. This included Chief Ayamba, Mola Njoh Litumbe, Nfor N. Nfor, Vincent Feko, Mola Mafoke, Prince Humphrey Mbinglo, Pa Sabum, I.N. Sona, Mr. Fomussoh from Washington DC, Chief Taku etc etc. Note that there were other Civil Society Organisation leaders in the hall from all over the South West…but, he Southern Cameroons issue suddenly became their issue as evidenced in their support in various ways…side comments, facial pleasures etc.

Why the UN gave the President of Cameroun two Maps On May 20, 2010

Biya Handed Two Maps as of Date of Independence

According to CRTV reports monitored in Buea, and recorded in the State-owned Cameroon Tribune, the United Nation’s 64th President of the general Assembly, Ali Triki was in Yaounde on May 20. He had not been at the ceremonial ceremony marking Yaounde declared National Day, but turned up at the Unity Palace with a strong delegation. His birthday gift to Biya was two well-framed maps. The one was a large framed map of La Republique du Cameroon, with an international boundary separating LRC and the Southern Cameroons. The second was the map of the British Cameroons, with an international boundary separating the Southern Cameroons and Northern Cameroons.

The CRTV reporter on the bid, George Ewane made the following commentaries: “Apart from the Map of the Republic of Cameroun is that of British Southern Cameroons is and the anchor man at the studio, Joseph Le and Ephraim Banda Ghogomo cut in to ask “What did you say?” And George could comment no more. So he allowed the microphone to overhear what Mr. Ali Triki was saying.., Voici la carte du Cameroun Britannique…histoire en a decidee”

La Republique du Cameroun had her independence on January 1, 1960. The boundaries as of that date were determined, established and recorded at the Secretariat of the United Nations in New York. As of that day, the Southern Cameroons and Northern Cameroons were still under the trusteeship of Britain, being prepared for eventual independence. Its flag was Green Red Yellow and its National Anthem, reflecting the savagery of LRC was made public. Its first President was Mr. Ahmadou Ahidjo.

On February 11, 1961, the Southern Cameroons voted in a UN-organized plebiscite to have her independence in a defined union with LRC, while Northern Cameroons did so, but to unite with the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Nigeria remains a federation as of that pact signed in 1961, while the Southern Cameroons remains annexed, given that the proceeds from the 1961 plebiscite were never formalized in a Union Treaty to be deposited at the Secretariat of the United Nations as per U.N Charter, which makes it very clear that if two nations come into an understanding to change their original international boundaries in the form of any mergence, it must do so with the knowledge of the United nations and both will sign a Union pact which must be deposited at the U.N Secretariat.

But, history has it that by June/July of 1961, La Republique du Cameroun invited the Southern Cameroons, through its Prime Minister, John Ngu Foncha, to attend a Conference in Foumban in LRC where they were to discuss the Constitution of a future United Cameroons in a federal structure. Was this to go along smoothly, there was to be a signing ceremony whose outcome was to be related to the United Nations as per UN Charter Article 102(b)? Alas, this never happened as LRC’s foul play was uncovered. Foumban ended in a still birth.

So, by October 1, 1961, Britain was itchy to quit the soils of Southern Cameroons. J.O. Field had packed his bags and baggage and his boat was steaming, ready to take off. Southern Cameroons was to be officially declared an independent state, to assert its future. What happened at today is Bongo Square was a horrible mess “an open hijacking of the independence of a people. When the Union Jack was lowered, Ahidjo’s green Red Yellow was raised and LRC’s Savage Anthem chanted in French!! Foncha was helpless and vulnerable.

That notwithstanding, the independence was declared, and only hijacked. It was like a slave being freed by one slave master, and on his way home, he is enslaved by another slave master.


So, what were the two maps that the UN representative handed to Biya in Yaounde on May 20, 2010? According to live re[ports from CRTV monitored in Bamenda, the UN representative, Ali Triki, who is the President of the 64th General Assembly of the UN, in handing the two maps to Cameroun’s Head of State, declared “Voici les cartes de Cameroon Britannique…histoire en a decidee ( Here are the maps of British Cameroons…history had so decided..”. According to another State-owned media, Cameroon Tribune of Tuesday May 25, 2010, on page 1 and 3, carrying the pictures of the two maps in the presence of Paul Biya and Jean Victor Nkolo, who is of the Information Department at the UN, the two maps were well framed, large enough for Biya to understand even from twenty meters away.

The first and very gigantic one is the Map of La Republique du Cameroun as of January 1, 1960! It shows clearly the red line and green line separating British Cameroons from La Republique du Cameroun. LRC is no more a triangle with British Cameroons as Biya and Yaounde have it. What Mr. Ali Triki was presenting through this first big map was the map showing LRC as far as the United Nations is concerned. That is LRC as per January 1, 1960.

The second map is also very clear and well framed, clearly separated from the first. It shows the Map of British Southern Cameroons as of October 1, 1961. What does this entails? It means one and one thing only. The United Nations cannot suffer itself to print and frame very large maps of one’s country to come and present it as birth day gifts just like that. Imagine that at your birth day, someone comes up with framed pictures of yours when you were born. Or, in another circumstance, imagine that you are celebrating the 50th anniversary of your marriage; someone comes with two framed pictures of you, and your wife, separately, when she was a maiden and you a bachelor. More so, he refers to her as Miss. The message is simple! That the man, say, the court magistrate or mayor, is reminding you that your stay together is still not regularized as per the law.


The United Nations has come and attended the 50th anniversary of LRC, and, by the gift of those two maps, is informing the Yaounde authorities that the same UN will readily attend the 50th anniversary of the Southern Cameroons in Buea come October 1, 1961. Is the UN acknowledging, in a diplomatic manner that Yaounde and Buea have some unfinished works at the UN’s Secretariat. That what the Banjul courts. ACHPR is dabbling with is already being taken care of at the level of the UN..or maybe, the Gorji Dinka were right after all, except that they do not know like all of us, how to exploit their opportunities and chances!